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Sesamum

Climatic Requirements | Season | Soil |Variety

 

India occupies the first place both in regard to acreage and production. Maximum acreage and production is in Uttar Pradesh, but West Bengal gives the maximum yield per hectare.
 

  Climatic Requirements

 

Sesamum is basically a crop of the warm regions of the tropics and subtropics. It grows in plains as well as up to an elevation of 1250 meters. It requires fairly hot conditions during growth to produce maximum yields. Temperature around 25-27 degree centigrade encourages rapid growth. Frost is harmful to this crop.
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  Season

 



It is cultivated as Kharif crop in north India but in south India it is cultivated both in Kharif as well as Rabi season.
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  Soil

 

Sesamum can be grown on wide variety of soils provided they are well-drained, but it thrives best on sandy loam with adequate soil moisture. The crop will grow in soils having a pH in the range of 5.5 to 8.0.

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  Variety

 

There are two types of varieties, black-seeded and white-seeded. It is generally believed that the white-seeded varieties have higher percentage of oil compared to their black-seeded counterpart. Selection of varieties depends mainly on the following factors:
  • Method Of Sowing
  • Crop Rotation
  • Pest and Disease
  • Irrigration Facilities
  • Climatic Conditions
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