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Tobacco

Climatic Requirements | Soil |Variety

 

Tobacco is an important cash crop. It is grown for its leaves which are used as a cured product. India ranks third in the world's tobacco production and second in tobacco export. It earns about Rs. 577 crores as excise revenue and Rs. 112 crores as foreign exchange. Besides, it provides an employement potential to about 56 lakhs of pepole annually in cultivation, curing, grading in factories and cottage industries. An industrial product of considerable importance is nicotine sulphate, prepared from tobacco for use as an insecticide.
 

  Climatic Requirements

 

Although tobacco is a tropical crop, it can be grown in wide range of climate. It is as much a plant of the tropical zone as it is of the sub-tropical and temperate zones. In India tobacco is grown from 8ON latitude to 34ON latitude. Tobacco seeds require about 21 degree centigrade temperature for germination. Temperature between 27 and 32 degree centigrade is desirable for rapid uniform germination. Tobacco plant grows and matures rapidly when average temperature is about 25 degree centigrade. Lower temperature increases the growth period.
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  Soil

 

The quality of tobacco is greatly influenced by soil conditions. Tobacco is adapted to moderately acidic soils, with pH ranging from 5.5 to 6.5. Tobacco will not perform well in waterlogged soils as it is sensitive to waterlogging and impeded drainage. Tobacco from low-lying lands has been found to be very poor in burning quality. It absorbs moisture and deteriorates in colour during storage.

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  Variety

 

Several improved varieties in all the types of tobacco have been evolved and released. Improved varieties evolved at the Central Tobacco Research Institute, Rajahmundry (Andhra Pradesh) and its research stations all over the country are furnished. These have become very popular among the farmers because of their superior yield, quality and resistance to diseases in the specific diseases prone areas. Selection of varieties depends mainly on the following factors:
  • Method Of Sowing
  • Crop Rotation
  • Pest and Disease
  • Irrigration Facilities
  • Climatic Conditions
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