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Gladiolus

Soil | Climate | Preparation of Field |Planting | Variety

 

In India, Gladiolus has become the most popular commercial cut flower crop. The growing of Gladiolus, especially, the multicoloured varieties is increasing day by day. Varying in different colours, sizes and long keeping quality of flower spikes make this crop very popular in domestic market.

 

  Cutting For Rose

 

Sandy loam soil is preferred for the cultivation of gladiolus. The field should be well drained with irrigation facilities. Soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0 is recommended for the cultivation of gladiolus flowers.

 

  Climate

 

Gladiolus can be grown in a wide range of climate from hills to plains in India, but temperature plays a very important role in germination, growth and development of the crop. The optimum temperature for growing gladiolus is 19-23 degree centigrade during the daytime and 15-18 degree centigrade in the night

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  Preparation of Field

 
The field should be prepared well to the depth of 15-20 cm. It is cultivated in northern plains. After the rainy season 4-5 ploughings are desirable. Before planting the field should be irrigated and then two ploughings are sufficient. In pots, sandy loam soil should be used for filling up.
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  Planting

 

September to November is the best time for the planting of gladiolus in northern plains. In India wherever conditions are like in Delhi, it is planted around the year. The planting distance between rows should be 30-40 cm while the bulbs should be spaced about 10-20 cm apart and 10-15 cm deep in the soil.
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  Variety

 

Selection of varieties depends mainly on the following factors:
  • Manure and Fertilizers
  • Disease
  • Production
  • Cost
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