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Potato

Climatic Requirements | Soil |Variety

 
Potato is the most important food crop of the world. For vegetable purpose it has become one of the most popular crops in India. Potatoes are economical food, they provide a source of low cost energy to the human diet. Potatoes are rich source of starch, vitamins especially C and B1 and minerals. They contain 20.6% carbohydrates, 2.1% protein, 0.3% fat, 1.1% crude fibre and 0.9% ash. They also contain a good amount of essential amino acid like leucine, tryptophane, isoleucine etc.

 

  Climatic Requirements

 
Potato is a cool season crop. It thrives best in cool regions where there is sufficient moisture and fertile soil. Satisfactory tuber growth occurs if soil temperature is between 17 and 19 degree centigrade. Higher soil temperature adversely affect the tuber development. Tuber development virtually stops if the temperature rise above 30 degree centigrade.

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  Soil

 
Potato can be produced on wide range of soils, ranging from sandy loam, silt loam, loam and clay soil. The soil should be well aerated, fairly deep and well supplied with organic matter. Well drained sandy loam and loam soils, rich in humus are most suitable for potato.

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  Variety

 
Large number of high yielding varieties suitable for different agro-climatic conditions have been evolved and released for cultivation. Selection of varieties depends mainly on the following factors:
  • Method Of Sowing
  • Pest and Disease
  • Irrigration Facilities
  • Climatic Conditions
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