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Red Chilli

Sowing | Irrigation | Soil and Climate | Manures |Variety

 

Red Chilli is grown in hilly and plain areas in various states of India. The hot flavour of chilli is due to the presence of an alkaloid - capsaicin. In India red chilli is used as spice in vegetable dishes and sausages.

 

  Sowing

 

The best time for sowing of chillies is between April and June in both plain and hilly areas. The variety with large fruit can be sowed in August-September or earlier in June-July in plain areas.

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  Irrigation

 
Irrigation should be done right after sowing. Later according to the condition of land, irrigation should be done after 7-10 days, or in 10-12 days intervals in winter.

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  Soil and Climate

 
Hot and humid climate is suitable for the production of chilli, but dry climate is required for the ripening of fruits. For the growing of flowers and fruits the best tempreture is 25-30 degree centigrade.
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  Manures

 
30-40 tons of decomposed fertilizers should be mixed with soil during cultivation. 150 kg Urea, 175 kg SuperPhosphate and 100 kg Murate of Potash per hectare should be given before sowing and 150 kg Urea after sowing.
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  Variety

 
Selection of varieties depends mainly on the following factors:
  • Method Of Sowing
  • Pest and Disease
  • Irrigration Facilities
  • Climatic Conditions
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